Before boarding the Titan submersible vessel to view the wreck of the Titanic, the ill-fated passengers signed a waiver exempting the parent company, Oceangate, from liability for injury, death and emotional trauma. However, when the pilot and passengers were tragically killed when the vessel imploded, CBS news raised the question: in spite of the waiver, could the families of the victims still sue Oceangate for the emotional trauma caused by the death of their loved ones?  

Emotional trauma often remains overshadowed by physical injuries in personal injury cases. While broken bones and scars are visible, emotional wounds are not, making them less acknowledged. Yet, emotional distress can have a long-lasting impact on a person’s well-being. It can manifest in various forms such as anxiety, depression, or even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These psychological effects can hinder one’s ability to return to a normal life, affecting relationships, work, and overall happiness. In legal terms, emotional trauma can be considered a form of non-economic damage, meaning it doesn’t have a direct cost but still impacts a person’s life significantly.

Psychological Scars: How Emotional Trauma Affects Recovery

Psychological scars can be as debilitating as physical injuries, yet they often go unnoticed or unaddressed. Emotional trauma can significantly affect the recovery process after an accident. For instance, someone who has been in a car crash may develop a fear of driving or even riding in a vehicle. This fear can limit mobility, leading to missed opportunities for work or social activities. Similarly, the experience of emotional trauma can disrupt sleep patterns, contribute to mood swings, and even affect appetite. All these factors can slow down the healing process for physical injuries, as a stressed mind can impede the body’s natural ability to repair itself. In sum, emotional trauma doesn’t just affect mental health; it has a ripple effect that can hinder overall recovery and quality of life.

Legal Recognition of Emotional Distress: What Courts Say

In legal settings, emotional distress is gaining more acknowledgment as a legitimate form of suffering deserving compensation. Courts often look at the severity and duration of emotional trauma when determining awards in personal injury cases. Emotional distress can be categorized into two types: negligent infliction and intentional infliction. Negligent infliction occurs when someone didn’t intend to cause emotional harm but did so through carelessness. Intentional infliction, on the other hand, happens when someone deliberately causes emotional harm. Courts also consider the credibility of the claim, often requiring medical records or expert testimony to substantiate the emotional distress. While it may not be as straightforward as proving a physical injury, emotional distress is increasingly being recognized as a significant component of personal injury cases.

Emotional Trauma and Financial Compensation: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to personal injury cases, financial compensation often focuses on tangible losses like medical bills or lost wages. However, emotional trauma is also a factor influencing the amount awarded. Courts usually categorize emotional distress as a type of non-economic damage. Unlike a hospital bill, it’s hard to put a price tag on emotional suffering. Various methods are used to calculate these damages. One common approach is the “multiplier method,” where the total economic damages are multiplied by a certain number, often determined by the severity of emotional distress. Another approach is the “per diem” method, which assigns a daily value to emotional suffering. While calculating compensation for emotional trauma can be complex, courts are paying more attention to personal injury cases.

Expert Insights: Psychologists Weigh in on Emotional Trauma in Personal Injury

Psychologists play a key role in shedding light on the complexities of emotional trauma in personal injury cases. According to mental health experts, emotional distress can manifest in various ways, from anxiety and depression to more severe conditions like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These psychological impacts can have a long-term effect on a person’s ability to function normally in daily life. Psychologists also note that emotional trauma can exacerbate physical injuries, making the recovery process more challenging. For example, stress hormones can slow down the body’s natural healing mechanisms. Furthermore, mental health professionals use validated scales and diagnostic tools to assess the level of emotional distress, providing a more objective measure of suffering. Their expertise offers valuable perspectives increasingly being considered in personal injury litigation.

Emotional Distress vs. Physical Injury: Understanding Key Differences

Emotional distress and physical injury are both common outcomes of accidents, but they differ in several ways. Physical injuries are usually visible and can be easily documented through medical records, making them more straightforward to prove in court. Emotional distress, on the other hand, is less tangible and often requires psychological evaluations to substantiate. While physical injuries have a direct economic cost, such as medical bills or lost wages, emotional distress falls under the category of non-economic damages, which are harder to quantify. Moreover, physical injuries often heal over time, but emotional scars can linger, affecting long-term mental health and quality of life. Despite these differences, both types of injuries are increasingly being recognized in personal injury cases as factors deserving of compensation.

Proving Emotional Trauma: Evidence and Documentation

Proving emotional trauma in a personal injury case can be a complex task due to its intangible nature. Unlike physical injuries, where medical records and X-rays serve as clear evidence, emotional distress often requires a different set of proofs. Medical records from psychologists or psychiatrists can be valuable in substantiating claims of emotional trauma. Journals or diaries detailing the emotional struggles following an accident can also serve as evidence. Witnesses, such as family members or friends who can attest to behavioral changes or mood swings, can strengthen a case. Some courts may even consider expert testimony from mental health professionals to gauge the severity of emotional distress. While proving emotional trauma may be challenging, proper documentation and credible evidence can make a compelling case for its inclusion in personal injury claims.

Coping Mechanisms: Strategies for Managing Emotional Trauma Post-Injury

Personal Injury Laws

Managing emotional trauma after an injury involves a multi-faceted approach. Psychological experts often recommend a combination of therapy and medication to address symptoms like anxiety, depression, or PTSD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is one method that has shown promise in helping individuals understand and change their thought patterns, leading to better emotional well-being. Physical activity is another strategy; even simple exercises can release endorphins, which naturally elevate mood. Mindfulness and meditation techniques can also help in focusing the mind and reducing stress levels. Support from family and friends plays a vital role in emotional recovery, offering a network of care and understanding. While each person’s journey is unique, these coping mechanisms can offer some relief and contribute to a more holistic recovery process.

If you have suffered emotional trauma from an injury, contact us online, or call our office at (304) 317-7786.

Attorney Timothy Manchin established the Manchin Injury Law Group in 2011 after his law partner of more than 25 years became a West Virginia circuit court judge. His focus is on helping individual clients and entire families victimized by negligent acts.

  • Taylor Downs was easy to talk to (I do not speak the legal language well!) and was very upfront and honest about the entire process of my case. He kept me updated as the case progressed, and answered my relentless questions. The end result was a favorable settlement that I’m not sure could have been any better with anyone else. In short, go see Taylor if you have a case. Don’t be intimidated to go seek his help, he won’t blow your brains out with “legal speak”.


  • Being referred to Taylor was the best thing I could have asked for. Taylor and staff are very easy to talk to. I would highly recommend them to anyone.


  • If I ever have to go through it again I would definetly call Taylor right away. The group was so helpful through my situation and handled everything that needed to be done. They made a stressful situation a stress free situation. With Taylor you dont have to worry about one thing. Definietly would recomend to anyone.

    - TAYLOR G.

  • Efficient, knowledgeable, and friendly.


  • Taylor and Tim helped make a difficult moment in life, a little more bearable. Easy to communicate with and informative. I will absolutely recommend them to everyone.


  • Manchin Injury Law Group, Took care of me when I got into a car accident while I was pregnant. Very scary moment for a first time mom but thankfully Manchin Injury Law Group had my back and treated me great. They made me feel as if I was part of their family. My son is now 7 Months Old and very happy and healthy. I’m very thankful for them for helping me through everything and getting me what we deserved. I 100% would recommend them to anyone. If I ever have an accident again they will be my number 1 phone call!


  • The support given helped me to feel like I was included in my personal injury case every step of the way. I was informed about the entire process throughout. It was amazing how quick the turn around time was and I would definitely recommend Attorney Timothy J. Manchin to anyone!


  • Taylor and Kelly worked hard on my case so I didn’t have to. Thanks guys!


  • Excellent experience dealing with Manchin Injury Law. They were very responsive, professional and easy to talk to. I did my homework before I hired a lawyer after my accident and I am so glad I found Manchin Injury Law Group. If you are injured, give them a call!


  • Taylor and Tim helped make a difficult moment in life, a little more bearable. Easy to communicate with and informative. I will absolutely recommend them to everyone.


  • Kelly and Taylor did all the hard work so that I didn’t have to. They both cared about my circumstance and got me a nice settlement. Taylor knows what he is doing and I felt comfortable with my case in his hands.


  • Great lawyers. They helped me with a West Virginia case.


  • Such a great experience with Taylor and this firm. Thankful for their diligence and their work on our case. Thank you to all!


  • Had a easy and smooth experience with a great attorney so when you go there make sure you ask for Taylor.


  • My experience at the Manchin Injury Law Group was extremely positive, and I would recommend them to anyone who needs a compassionate and experienced lawyer on their side.


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