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Trucking Accident – Who’s at Fault?

Posted in blog,Car accident,Car collision,Personal injury,Truck Accidents,Trucking accident on December 10, 2021

West Virginia has 549 miles of interstate and 37,277 miles of public roads. Commercial truck drivers from all over the country use these roads. Unfortunately, every year approximately 5,000 trucks are involved in fatal collisions.  Over half of West Virginia’s truck collisions involve carriers who operate out of state, so filing an accident claim becomes more difficult. Because the company is out of state, people may assume they will be unable to act or hold the company responsible for their negligence. However, this is not true. Companies that own commercial trucks are responsible for their fleet as well as their drivers. Due to commercial vehicles’ size, truck owners must carry insurance policies with much higher limits than the standard auto insurance policy.

When Can You Hold Out-Of-State Trucking Companies Liable?

Respondeat superior, or more commonly known as vicarious liability, is the legal doctrine that allows an employer to be held liable for the actions of its employees – if the action is committed while on the job. This means that trucking companies are liable for their employee’s negligent actions such as speeding, reckless driving, drunk driving, and driving with improperly secured cargo. Trucking companies can also be liable for their own negligence. Common reasons why companies are liable include:

  • Inadequate Hiring
  • Inadequate Training
  • Violating Hours of Service Rules
  • Poorly Inspecting and Maintaining Trucks

Determining Fault in a Trucking Accident

Determining who was at-fault in a trucking accident can be difficult. However, there are multiple ways to collect appropriate evidence to determine the at-fault party. When a truck has been in an accident, tests are administered to determine whether the driver was under the influence of alcohol or controlled substances. The drivers cell phone records may also be reviewed. This is because FMCSA regulations ban truck drivers from texting and other forms of hand-held phone use while driving. Additional forms of evidence can include:

  • The Truck’s GPS Data Recorder
  • Onboard Camera Footage
  • Bills of Landing
  • Tollbooth Receipts
  • Company Maintenance Records
  • Hiring and Training Records
  • Background Checks

Proving a trucking company’s liability in West Virginia is no easy task. Therefore, a truck accident victim must seek the help of a knowledgeable attorney as soon as possible. Trucking companies only maintain certain records for a limited amount of time. Call us at Manchin Injury Law Group promptly to ensure all the necessary records can be obtained before the company alters, loses, or destroys them.